Mining in the Karwendel Mountains

The Karwendel mountains and its surrounding was known for its enormous mining industry centuries ago. In Karwendel Alps even today the Tyrolean stone oil is produced. In the Middle Ages it was mainly the salt mining and silver mining. By this mines the villages grow to bigger cities for that time. The mining work brought money all over the area.

It´s reported that the salt mining in the Hall valley in the Karwendel not only fed the people around Hall. The villages Ehrwald and Lermoos go back to this time, because there was located the shipment and trading center of the salt from Hall. Around 1230 the salt mining began in Hall. Later, the bronze and silver deposits were discovered. According to the silver mining of Schwaz some people even speak of the mother of all mines of the world. In the era of the silver mines the mine in Schwaz was the world's greatest. In 1500 the silver mining was begun here. In Hall, the silver was then partly converted into coins. With the silver the Fugger financed not only themselves but also wars. Schwaz becames rich and grows by the mining of silver and ore.

There were also some small-scale mining activities in the Lafatscher. Similarly, in Mittenwald small amounts of silver and gold have been promoted.

At the University of Innsbruck, there is a special area of ​​research that deals with the history of mining in the Tyrol and adjacent areas and its impact on environment and society: www.uibk.ac.at/himat/

Content of this website: Mining Tyrol, Silvermine Tyrol, mine history Austria, mining history Tyrol, Karwendel Alps, Karwendel Mountains, Tyrolean Alps