Guide for sightseeing in Innsbruck in the Karwendel Alps of Austria

The main city of the alps - Innsbruck at the Karwendel Alps - hat lots of sights
The city of Innsbruck is one the most known sights in the alps - at least the "goldene Dachl" - the house with a Golden Roof is known all over the world. Buth there are some more sights to visit: the medieval Old Town (Altstadt von Innsbruck), Castle Ambras with Renaissance art and curiosities, Imperial Palace and Court Church with renaissance cenotaph (monument) of Emperor Maximilian I, Bergisel Ski Jump by Zaha Hadid, and many other attractions are very popular.

Who the Tyrolean capital Innsbruck Karwendel visited, the first the close co-existence between nature and culture are striking: On the main transport lines between the north and south, the east and west of Europe, nestled in the mountains of the northern limestone - and in the Central Alps was, and the city is a meeting place for cultural exchange, trade, science and - especially in recent times - of the sport.

This interaction is visible everywhere, even in the historic town center with its beautiful buildings, museums and churches: The view from the boulevard, the Maria-Theresia-Strasse, close to the medieval old town in the background always the majestic mountain range of northern chain (Karwendel) with one, that the Baroque Triumphal Arch, the emblem of the modern city, according to a plan by top architect Zaha Hadid was built on the Bergisel Ski Jump.

People strolling through the center learn a lot about the history of the pretty Alpine city: Above all, the Habsburg Emperor Maximilian I (1459-1519), the image of Innsbruck at the transition from the Middle Ages formed the Renaissance. He made the city the center of his empire, which stretched from Spain to Hungary and Burgundy, and had the symbol of Innsbruck, the Golden Roof, and build the east of the city, the Arsenal, which now houses a museum. For his artfully crafted Maximilian tomb was planning an escort of life-size bronze figures, which were designed by prominent artists of his time. The 28 so-called "Black Men" which represent the ancestors and descendants Maximilans, including working the painter Albrecht Dürer and the brass founder Stefan Godl, Peter Fischer and Peter Löffler. Completed the statues were, however, only under Maximilian's grandson, Ferdinand I, who had erected the great Renaissance artwork in the Innsbruck Court Church. It is located in the east of the old town next to the 15th Century and built to the baroque Hofburg redesigned several times.

At the same time, until about 1600, was also a large part of the Old Town Homes, which - often four or five stories high - crowd together tightly.

A view across the bridge, which has given the city its name sheds light on the background to the medieval construction: there, located on the left Innufer, where the slope drops steeply to the river, the oldest district of Innsbruck with its colorful St. Nicholas rows of houses. When the course was too short, in the south of Innsbruck, the monastery Wilten came in a barter agreement that the right area of the river from the secular power, was built on the old city today. Here, too, had to be a little modest and built narrow and high. For a presentable, wide street with arcades, the Herzog-Friedrich-Strasse, in the now invite shops and pavement cafes to linger, but the old town offered plenty of room. Those who still want to be high, the Gothic tower invites you to visit. He was in the years 1442-1450 as a Council-built houses and tower dominates the town 51 meters high. Where once was a tower guard out for enemies and fires, it now enjoys a magnificent view of the entire old town.

A look at the history of Innsbruck allow City Archive / City Museum in the Badgasse. Painting, city views, photographs, documents and more can be seen in an extensive permanent collection. Special exhibitions, readings and lectures complete the varied program of the museum.

Around the town proceeds with Rennweg, market and moat that line, which was developed long-once the city walls. Outside are the slightly younger baroque and neoclassical part of Innsbruck. Here, the Maria Theresa street with the Anna column, a statue in gratitude for the victory of Tyrolean Folk banns on Bavarian troops in 1703, the Triumphal Arch, which in 1765 during the heyday of Archduke Leopold, a son of Empress Maria Theresa, with Maria Ludovica built by Spain, was the modern Congress Innsbruck, which dates back to 1629/30 and built for amazing 5,000 people oriented Comedihaus. With its establishment, like the then sovereign Leopold V and his wife Claudia of Medici thought in to a large scale have - after all, lived in their time, only 7,000 people in Innsbruck - but says her efforts much about the artistic sense of the Innsbruck and its rulers.

Above all, Archduke Ferdinand II (1529-1595), of which - Ambras Castle was build for his wife Philippine Welser into a magnificent Renaissance palace and docked there extensive art and curio collections today - on a hill in the neighborhood south of Innsbruck still one of the most beautiful "curiosity cabinets" are proved to be a major supporter of the arts.

In the 17th Century came the courtly life of music with artists such as John and Marc Antonio Cesti Stadlmayr to bloom. Than today's equivalent of the period, the summer held in Innsbruck are hard weeks that have made with concerts at Schloss Ambras, in the courtyard and at historic sites and the same light as exquisitely staged Baroque operas Innsbruck to an essential Chen European center of early music.

In the 18th, 19th and 20 Century, the number of residents to 130,000. The formed around the center city districts Wilten, Pradl or Saggen testify with their classical (residential) buildings. Further afield, Bergisel, we encounter one of the most significant historical events of the Tyrolean history, the Tyrolean struggle for freedom against the Bavarians and the French under Napoleon. In three battles of 1809 the Tyrolean were victorious under its leader, Andreas Hofer, in the fourth, they had to defeat the superior force. Of those events one Andreas Hofer statue to tell the Bergisel and the Cyclorama, one of the last surviving panoramas from the 19th Century. The 1,000 m2 large painting shows the third and Bergisel to the memorial in 2009 from his recent exhibition in a rotunda in a newly built museum on the Bergisel to move.

Also new is the funicular railway, which since 2007 by Congress in the city - out of the University of Innsbruck - with a stop at the Alpine Zoo. remember the building, whose organically shaped stations on the flow of ice and glaciers, replaces the built more than 100 years old car and was - like the Bergiselschanze - designed by Zaha Hadid. From their mountain station, you get to the gondolas of the Nordkettenbahn continue to Seegrube (1,905 m) and Hafelekar (2330 m) in the recreational area north park, with lots of sun in the winter with much snow as a veritable paradise for skiers, hikers, mountain bikers , hang gliders and paragliders attracted to the mountains.

With the University of Innsbruck Innsbruck Karwendel
With the new construction and renovation of Hungerburgahn planned by Franz Baumann Nordkettenbahn, which is considered one of the most important monuments of classical modernism in Tirol, pays tribute to the development of winter sports and tourism of past century tribute. Because by the mountaineering and the new (winter) sports such as skiing, for the pursuit of the mountains surrounding the city are perfect, the Innsbruck region has changed its former health resorts increasingly to sport and tourism center. 1964 and 1976, the city and the surrounding villages and mountains were even hosted the Olympic Winter Games and the 2005 IIHF World Hockey Championship. The latter was also the occasion for an extension of the large ice rink and the construction of a smaller next to it. The resulting Olympics World is today not only as a place for professional sports and popular publications kumseislauf, but has also established itself as a CENTRE for cultural events.

Together with the renovated 2005-2007, Igls bobsleigh, the redesigned 2001 Bergiselschanze testify and the ski resorts on the north chain and Patscherkofel these buildings of the important role of Innsbruck as an international sports city.

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